GENEVA 3 July 2020: Passenger demand in May (measured in
revenue passenger kilometres or RPKs), dropped 91.3% compared to May 2019,
International Air Transport Association (IATA) reported on Thursday.

Considered a mild uptick from the 94% annual decline
recorded in April, China’s domestic markets promoted the recovery.

“May was not quite as terrible as April. That’s about the
best thing that can be said. As predicted, the first improvements in passenger
demand are occurring in domestic markets. International traffic remained
virtually stopped in May. We are only at the very beginning of a long and
difficult recovery. And there is tremendous uncertainty about what impact a
resurgence of new COVID-19 cases in key markets could have,” said IATA’s
director general and CEO, Alexandre de Juniac.

International Passenger Markets

May international passenger demand fell 98.3% compared to May 2019,
which was virtually unchanged from the 98.4% decline recorded in April.
Capacity plummeted 95.3%, and load factor sank 51.9 percentage points to 28.6%,
meaning a bit more than a quarter of seats were filled, on average.

European
carriers’
May demand contracted 98.7% compared to last year, virtually
unchanged from a 98.9% drop in April, year-over-year, and the worst decline
among regions. Capacity dropped 97.5%, and load factor fell by 41.7 percentage
points to 42.4%.

Asia-Pacific
airlines’
May traffic plunged 98.0% compared to the year-ago period, also in
line with a 98.2% recorded in April. Capacity fell 95.1%, and load factor
shrank 46.6 percentage points to 32.1%.

Middle Eastern
airlines
posted a 98.0% traffic contraction for May, compared with a 97.3%
demand drop in April. Capacity tumbled 93.9%, and load factor sagged to 23.9%,
down 49.1 percentage points compared to last year.

North American
carriers
had a 98.2% traffic decline in May, little changed from a 98.4%
decline in April. Capacity fell 94.5%, and load factor dropped 56.7 percentage
points to 27.2%.

Latin American
airlines
experienced a 98.1% demand drop in May compared to the same month last
year, versus a 98.2% drop in April. Capacity fell 96.6% and load factor fell
38.1 percentage points to 45.9%, best among the regions.

African airlines’
traffic
sank 98.2% in May, fractionally improved from a 98.7% decline in
April. Capacity contracted 77.8%, which was the smallest supply reduction among
the regions, and load factor dived 61.8 percentage points to just 5.3% of seats
filled, which was the lowest among regions.

The Bottom Line

“We appear to be in the very early stages of a recovery in air travel.
But the situation is fragile. We need governments to support and strengthen the
restart by quickly implementing the International Civil Aviation Organization’s
(ICAO’s) global guidelines for restoring air connectivity contained in ICAO’s Takeoff: Guidance for Air Travel
through the COVID-19 Public Health Crisis
.

“Governments also need to avoid adding blockers to the recovery, such
as implementing entry quarantines. They have the same impact as outright travel
bans and will keep economies closed down to the benefits of aviation
connectivity. Governments should also avoid new fees and charges to cover the
cost of COVID-19 related health measures (such as testing and contact tracing),
which will make travel less accessible. Travel and tourism account for 10.3% of
global GDP and 300 million jobs. It is in everybody’s interest, including
governments, to remove barriers to travel as soon as it is safe to do so. And
in the process, it is critical that governments don’t stall the fragile
recovery by introducing new regulatory or cost barriers to travel,” said de
Juniac.