BOSTON, USA, 6 October 2021: The International Air Transport Association warns that planned increases in charges by airports and air navigation service providers (ANSPs) will stall recovery in air travel and damage international connectivity.
Confirmed airport and ANSP charges increases have already
reached USD2.3 billion. Further increases could be tenfold this number if
proposals already tabled by airports and ANSPs are granted.
“A USD2.3 billion charges increase during this crisis is outrageous. We all want to put Covid-19 behind us. But placing the financial burden of a crisis of apocalyptic proportions on the backs of your customers just because you can, is a commercial strategy that only a monopoly could dream up. At an absolute minimum, cost reduction – not charges increases – must be top of the agenda for every airport and ANSP. It is for their customer airlines,” said IATA’s director general Willie Walsh.
A case in point is found among European air navigation
service providers. Collectively, ANSPs of the 29 Eurocontrol states, the
majority of which are state-owned, are looking to recoup almost USD9.3 billion
(EUR8 billion) from airlines to cover revenues not realized in 2020/2021. They
want to do this to recover the revenue and profits they missed when airlines
were unable to fly during the pandemic. Moreover, they want to do this in
addition to a 40% increase planned for 2022 alone.
Other examples include:
- Heathrow Airport pushing to increase charges by over 90% in 2022
- Amsterdam Schiphol Airport requesting to increase charges by over 40% over the next three years.
- Airports Company South Africa (ACSA) asking to increase charges by 38% in 2022.
- NavCanada increasing charges by 30% over five years
- Ethiopian ANSP raising charges by 35% in 2021.
“Today I am ringing the alarm. This must stop if the industry is to have a fair opportunity at recovery. Infrastructure shareholders, governmental or private, have benefited from stable returns pre-crisis. They must now play their part in the recovery. It is unacceptable behaviour to benefit from your customers during good times and stick it to them in bad times. Doing so has broad implications. Air transport is critical to support economic recovery post-pandemic. We should not compromise the recovery with the irresponsibility and greed of some of our partners who have not addressed costs or tapped their shareholders for support,” said Walsh.
Some regulators have already understood the danger being
posed by the behaviour of infrastructure providers. Regulators in India and
Spain successfully intervened on the increases proposed by airports. They
provide an example for other regulators to follow. And the Australian
Competition & Consumer Commission  warned in their recently published
report that increasing charges to recover lost profits from the pandemic will
demonstrate airports systematically taking advantage of their market power,
damaging the vulnerable airline sector’s ability to recover at the expense of
both consumers and the economy.
Airlines undertook drastic cost-cutting from the outset of
the pandemic, reducing operating costs by 35% compared to pre-crisis levels.
This was supported by increased commercial borrowing and shareholder
contributions. Airlines also sought government aid, the majority of which was
in the form of loans that needed to be paid back. Of the USD243 billion that
was made available to airlines, $81 billion supported payrolls and
approximately $110 billion was in support that needs to be paid back. As a
result, airlines have amassed a huge debt burden of over $650 billion. Any
defaults could result in airline failures and the loss of tens of thousands of
IATA urged airports and ANSPs to apply solutions to address the
financial impact of the pandemic including:
- Implementing sustainable cost control measures
- Tapping shareholders
- Accessing capital markets
- Seeking government aid