GENEVA, 2 February 2022: Governments must accelerate the
easing of travel restrictions as Covid-19 continues to evolve from a pandemic
to endemic stage, the International Air Transport Association (IATA) urges in
its latest press statement. 

“With the experience of the Omicron variant, there is
mounting scientific evidence, and opinion opposing the targeting of travellers
with restrictions and country bans to control the spread of Covid-19. The
measures have not worked,” said IATA’s director general Willie Walsh.

“Today, Omicron is present in all parts of the world.
That’s why travel, with very few exceptions, does not increase the risk to
general populations. The billions spent testing travellers would be far more
effective if allocated to vaccine distribution or strengthening health care
systems.” 

IATA recommendations

  • Remove all travel barriers (including quarantine
    and testing) for those fully vaccinated with a WHO-approved vaccine.
  • Enable quarantine-free travel for non-vaccinated
    travellers with a negative pre-departure antigen test result.
  • Remove travel bans, and
  • Accelerate the easing of travel restrictions in recognition
    that travellers pose no greater risk for COVID-19 spread than already exists in
    the general population.

A recently published study by Oxera and Edge Health
demonstrated the extremely limited impact of travel restrictions on controlling
the spread of Omicron.

Study takeaways

If the UK’s extra measures with respect to Omicron had been
in place from the beginning of November (prior to the identification of the
variant), the peak of the Omicron wave would have been delayed by just five
days with 3% fewer cases.

The absence of any testing measures for travellers would
have seen the Omicron wave peak seven days earlier with an overall 8% increase
in cases.

Now that Omicron is highly prevalent in the UK, if all
travel testing requirements were removed, there would be no impact on Omicron
case numbers or hospitalisations in the UK.

“While the study is specific to the UK, it is clear
that travel restrictions in any part of the world have had little impact on the
spread of COVID-19, including the Omicron variant. The UK, France and Switzerland
have recognised this and are among the first to begin removing travel measures.
More governments need to follow their lead. Accelerating the removal of travel
restrictions will be a major step towards living with the virus,” said
Walsh.

Covid-19 becomes endemic?

All indications point to Covid-19 becoming an endemic condition — one that humankind now has the tools (including vaccination and therapeutics) to live and travel with, bolstered by growing population immunity.

This aligns with the advice from public health experts to
shift the policy focus from an individual’s health status towards policies
focusing on population-wide protection. It is important that governments and
the travel industry are well-prepared for the transition and ready to remove
the burden of measures that disrupt travel, IATA concluded.

“The current situation of travel restrictions is a mess. There is one problem – Covid-19. But there seem to be more unique solutions to managing travel and Covid-19 than there are countries to travel to. Indeed research from the Migration Policy Institute has counted more than 100,000 travel measures around the world that create complexity for passengers, airlines and governments to manage. We have two years of experience to guide us on a simplified and coordinated path to normal travel when Covid-19 is endemic. That normality must recognise that travellers, with very few exceptions, will present no greater risk than exists in the general population. And that’s why travellers should not be subject to any greater restrictions than are applied to the general community,” said Walsh.

(Source: IATA)